Monday, April 25, 2016

Reference Styles

In general, there are two different methods you can use when preparing references for a paper you may be writing. Generically, these are known as the name-date system and citation-sequence system. The former is demonstrated by APA and the latter by Vancouver style referencing. Which one you use depends on the journal to which you plan to submit.

In name-date system, you cite a reference in text, by including author name and publication date in parentheses. You then put that reference at the end of the paper, in the reference list, and in alphabetical order. An example would be something like this: “In the seminal work by Andrews (Andrews, 1998)...” the chief benefit to this system is the ease of update and correction- if you need to add a reference, it can easily be done and the same holds true if you need to delete a reference. But the main disadvantage here is that it ends up with strings of words interrupting the text that the reader is looking at, which can be frustrating to read. This is often referred to as APA style, based on the American Psychological Association; it may also be referred to as Oxford style.

In a citation-sequence system, which is more common in biomedical publication, the citation is made by number in the test, in the order of occurrence. The reference list at the end is thus the actual order of citation of each reference. If you need to cite an earlier reference, you do so by reference to its original citation number. An example would be: “In the seminal work by Andrews (1)…” The chief benefit of this system is that it makes the text much easier to read, since there are fewer interruptions in the flow of words. Its primary disadvantage is that if you need to add or delete a reference, you will then need to renumber your reference list and also change all the numbers in text to make sure they still match. It is for this reason that we often see people using reference managers such as EndNote or Reference Manager. I caution, though, that reference managers are only as good as the information you import. This system is also referred to as Vancouver style, after the so-called Vancouver Accords followed by many biomedical journals.

Both systems are seen in scientific publication, but Vancouver is more common. You should be familiar with both and carefully follow journal instructions related to references. They are certainly the most common source of problems for editors.

Monday, April 11, 2016

Editing a Quiz in Brightspace

From the Brightspace video library, I thought this might help some of you.

Monday, April 4, 2016

Palmer College Platform Presentations from ACC-RAC

Doctors of chiropractic working in private sector medical facilities: a descriptive survey
Christine Goertz, Stacie Salsbury, Elissa Twist, Virginia Smith, Anthony Lisi

Building an academy of educators:  a needs assessment of selected faculty educators
Michael Tunning, Dustin Derby, Kelly Krell-Mares, Michelle Barber

Creating the teaching track of a workshop for CAM educators in evidence-based clinical practice
John Stites, Amy Minkalis, Renee DeVries, Dana Lawrence, Cynthia Long

Creating an orientation for a clinical teacher
Katherine Clark, Ron Boesch, John Stites, Susan Larkin

Depressive symptoms in first year chiropractic students
Shawn He, Niu Zhang

Chiropractic and respiratory therapy: an essential professional collaboration
Robert Rowell, Josefina Torres

Multimorbidity, musculoskeletal complaints, and pain characteristics of older adults with low back pain: a secondary analysis from a randomized controlled trial
Stacie Salsbury, William Alexander, James Boysen, Julie Harman, Janice Hubbard, Elissa Twist, Robert Vining, Christine Goertz

Does requiring students to justify answer changes during collaborative testing enhance academic performance?
Niu Zhang, Charles Henderson

Chiropractic student attitudes toward team-based learning
William Sherrier, Ali Rabatsky, Teresa Brennan

The effects of standardized patient performance by chiropractic interns on their reported empathy for their patients
Teresa Brennan, James Randazzo, Ali Rabatsky

The effect of force feedback training on students learning Flexion Distraction technique
Robert Rowell, Ram Gudavalli, Steven Silverman

Dosage of treatment for cervical pain by field doctors using cervical Flexion Distraction
Dana Madigan, Jerrilyn Cambron, Jennifer Dexheimer, Maruti Ram Gudavalli, James Cox

Using best practices to engage adult millennial learners in the large classroom
Lisa Killinger

Assessing the level of test anxiety in first trimester chiropractic students
Judy Bhatti, Elissa Twist, Katherine Manley-Buser

Outcome measures in chronic migraine management - clinical use and potential cost savings:  a case study
Nathan Hinkeldey, Kevin Percuoco, Laurie Hinrichs, Noelle Johnson, Michael Tunning

Multi-modal treatment of an 18 year-old collegiate soccer player with a grade 2 MCL tear
Todd Riddle, Michael Tunning, Thomas Hyde, Dale Richardson

Survey of students’ perception of the Palmer preceptor program
Roger Hynes, Alana Callender, Rachelle Hynes

Transient osteoporosis of the hip - an uncommon differential variant in a chiropractic patient: a case report
Stephen Grand, Alivia Shoop