So, the idea is to encourage community participation in research. In order to do so, role expectations needs to be clearly defined and understood by all involved. There is a process by which community-based research is developed: a research question is first identified. Then, community assets, strengths and challenges are evaluated. Priorities are defined, and a research methodology is developed. Data is collected and analyzed, and then interpreted. Findings are disseminated. The results are then applied to the community. This last step is critical; it is where findings are translated into action. So, in that sense, community-based participatory research is also a form of translational research, albeit somewhat different from bench-to-bedside translational research. (1)The advantages to this approach are many, but here are some key advantages> (1) this form of research enhances data usefulness; (2) It blends local knowledge and lived experience with the research methodology; (3) includes the individual in his or her local context; (4) Reduces distrust in the research process; and (5) it bridges cultural gaps.
There are 4 common study designs for this form of research: action-oriented community diagnosis, focus groups, photovoice and in-depth interviews. As you can see, these are primarily qualitative forms of research. To date, there is little community-based research in chiropractic, but I suspect that will change as we become more familiar with the strengths of this approach.References
1.Rhodes SD. Community-based participatory research. In: Blessing JD, Forister JG. Introduction to research and medical literature for health professionals, 3rd edition. Burling5ton, MA; Jones and Bartlett, 2013:168